Category Archive: CNC Machining

A Guide to CNC Turning Services

Computer numerical control (CNC) turning is a popular manufacturing process that yields highly precise custom components from various stock materials. In this blog, you’ll learn about CNC turning, including the main types, benefits, applications, and materials.

A Guide to CNC Turning Services

Types of CNC Turning

CNC turning utilizes a nonrotating, stationary cutting tool to remove external material from a workpiece, reducing its outer diameter. Unlike boring, turning does not remove internal material.

Turning centers are available in 2-axis lathes options. More complex geometries require more axes, which a CNC turning center can accommodate due to its system of chip conveyors and tool changers. For simple turning projects, lathes are sufficient.

There are two main types of turning centers:

  • Horizontal turning centers are the most common. As the name implies, these turning centers use a horizontally oriented spindle. Tools are mounted on the side of the tool holder and cut across the workpiece. The design allows gravity to draw chips away from the workpiece.
  • Vertical turning centers have an upended orientation, where the headstock rests on the floor, and the faceplate becomes a horizontal rotating table. Vertical turning centers are handy for oversized, short, or heavy workpieces. In vertical turning, chips must be separated since gravity does not help with chip evacuation. Inverted vertical turning switches the position of the jaw chuck and the spindle.

Materials Used in CNC Turning

Here is an overview of the most common materials used in CNC turning.

  • Aluminum – Aluminum alloys can be easily machined in large volumes. They offer an excellent strength-to-weight ratio, high thermal and electrical conductivity, and versatility. Aluminum alloy 6061 is often used for automotive and recreational components, while aluminum 7075 is better suited for high-performance aerospace applications.
  • Brass – Brass is one of the most popular materials used in CNC turning because it is easy to stamp, machine, and mold. It provides excellent thermal conductivity, ductility, corrosion resistance, and durability.
  • Bronze – Easy to machine, bronze is resistant to corrosion and saltwater.
  • Cast iron – Cast iron can be machined two times faster than other types of steel. It is an abrasion-resistant material that is excellent at absorbing vibrations and reducing tooling wear.
  • Copper – Copper alloys are resilient and highly workable.
  • Hastelloy – Hastelloy is also difficult to machine but not impossible. Our specialized experience in CNC turning this material yields results that can tolerate high-temperature, high-stress environments.
  • Nickel – Nickel alloys require specific tools with appropriate chip curlers or breakers.
  • Steel – Various steel alloys, including carbon steel, are commonly used in CNC turning. Carbon steel is popular because it is more robust than stainless steel but not as expensive.
  • Stainless steel – Stainless steel is solid and resistant to corrosion, water, and distortion.
  • Plastics – Various plastic parts, such as nylon, can also be manufactured with CNC turning.

Advantages of Using CNC Turning Services

Perhaps the most significant advantage of CNC turning is accuracy. By incorporating CAD or CAM files, the machine can make precise measurements that eliminate the possibility of human error. The technology is user-friendly and can perform a variety of specific functions.

Speed is another advantage. High-torque, high-speed turning allows tooling to deliver quick results. Secondary spindles can provide back-side finishing in addition to sequential part processing. Because it is an automated process, CNC turning is highly productive and even allows for 24/7 production without the supervision of a human operator.

CNC turning also offers flexibility. With programmed machining, operators can make simple adjustments to change the output. Twin turret and twin spindle designs offer different part-processing potential, and full circumference C-axis headstock brakes enable maximum maneuverability.

Industries Served & Applications

CNC turning is essential in a variety of industries, including:

  • Aerospace – The aerospace industry relies on high-precision parts. CNC turning plays a vital role in delivering these components, which include aircraft bodies and engines.
  • Military – Military component manufacturing relies on CNC turning to produce defense vehicles, avionics, and other military devices.
  • Mechanical – Screws, motor shafts, and other mechanical parts can all be produced by CNC turning.

Contact Technox Machine & Manufacturing for Your CNC Turning Needs

CNC turning is an automated manufacturing process that produces highly accurate parts for various markets. Contact us today if you have any questions about the CNC turning process. If you already have a project in mind, you can request a quote.

How to Choose the Right Material for Your CNC Machining Application

Computer numerical control—i.e., CNC—machining is a subtractive manufacturing process used to produce high-precision parts and components designed and built to tight tolerances. By employing computerized machines and tooling, industry professionals use the method to process a wide range of materials, each of which offers its own manufacturing benefits and limitations.

The following blog post serves as a guide outlining what factors to consider when choosing a material for a CNC machining project. Additionally, it compares some of the materials commonly used and their characteristics and typical applications.

Planner Milling & CNC Vertical Milling

How to Select the Right CNC Material

The material used in a CNC machining operation can affect both the quality and performance of the finished part. When choosing a material, there are several factors to consider. The answers to the following basic questions can aid in the selection process:

  • What mechanical, thermal, and other material properties are necessary for the product to perform adequately in the application and operating environment?
  • Which available materials fulfill all or most of the necessary characteristics to meet design requirements?
  • Which material allows for the highest level of performance, the best machinability characteristics, and the most cost-effective production?

However, answering these questions requires a thorough understanding of product requirements and the characteristics and common applications of each potential material.

Comparing Different CNC Materials: Material Properties and Common Applications

Industry professionals employ a wide range of materials in CNC machining operations to suit different product and project specifications. Some of the most commonly used materials include:

. Aluminum

One of the most common and easy to machine metals available, aluminum is a highly versatile and cost-effective option for CNC machining projects. Additional material properties include:

  • Medium strength (6061) and high strength (7075)
  • Corrosion and temperature resistance
  • Thermal and electrical conductivity
  • High workability

Typical applications include:

  • for 6061: aircraft and marine fittings, camera lens mounts, couplings, and electronic hardware
  • for 7075: aircraft and bike parts, gears and shafts, fuse parts, keys, missile parts, and valves

. Brass

Similar to aluminum, brass is easy to work with and cost-effective. Other material properties include:

  • Medium strength
  • High stability
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Chemical resistance
  • High machinability

Typical CNC machined parts include:

  • Aerospace components
  • Electronic hardware and contacts
  • Fitting
  • Healthcare devices

. Bronze

Bronze consists of copper and zinc and carries many of the same physical and mechanical properties of the base copper material, such as:

  • Non-sparking
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Thermal and electrical conductivity
  • Good workability

Typical products produced include:

  • Bearings and bushings
  • Musical instruments
  • Sculptures
  • Springs

. Cast Iron

In CNC machining operations, cast iron is primarily used for its ready availability, strength, and wear resistance. Typical applications include:

  • Car and truck parts
  • Wind generation equipment parts
  • Oil well pump components
  • Tools and machine tool frames

. Copper

Copper offers several characteristics that make it suitable for CNC machined parts, including:

  • Medium strength
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Good workability

Some of the CNC machined products typically made from copper include:

  • Automotive and general engineering parts
  • Appliance components
  • Electrical contacts

. Nickel and Nickel Alloys

There are a variety of nickel and nickel alloys, such as Hastelloy and Inconel, available for use in CNC machining operations, each of which offers:

  • Medium to high strength
  • Corrosion and oxidation resistance
  • Medium workability

Typical applications for these materials include:

  • for Hastelloy: chemical reactors, distillation equipment, pipes and valves, and pressure vessels
  • for Inconel: automotive and aerospace parts, consumer electronics, and healthcare devices

. Steel and Steel Alloys

Steel is available in a wide range of grades to suit different industrial and commercial machining projects. In general, each alloy demonstrates the following properties:

  • High strength and hardness
  • Low corrosion resistance
  • High formability, machinability, and weldability

Applications of steel in CNC machining operations include:

. Stainless Steel

Stainless steel combines the strength and hardness of steel with greater corrosion resistance. In addition to these advantageous characteristics, it also offers good machinability and weldability.

Industrial and consumer applications include:

  • Aerospace and automotive parts
  • Food processing equipment
  • Medical and surgical instruments
  • Machinery components
  • Screws

. Variety of Plastics

Plastics serve as a low-cost, easy-to-machine alternative to metals for applications where strength and electrical conductivity are not critical. Depending on the specific plastic formulations, some of the properties that plastic demonstrate are:

  • Nylon: fair flame resistance and insulation
  • PVC: excellent chemical and corrosion resistance and good flame resistance
  • PEEK: high stability and strength, impact resistance, and minimum creep

Typical applications include:

  • for nylon: bearings and insulators
  • for PVC: construction profiles to medical devices, roofing membranes to credit cards, and toys to pipes
  • for PEEK: connectors, switches, and test sockets

Horizontal, Vertical & CNC Turning

CNC Materials From Technox Machine and Manufacturing, Inc.

For CNC machining operations, industry professionals most commonly employ aluminum, steel, and stainless steel due to their overall strength and versatility. However, depending on the part and project specifications, they may also utilize other materials for enhanced thermal and electrical conductivity, rust and corrosion resistance, or other required material properties.

At Technox Machine and Manufacturing, Inc., we have a broad range of materials available to suit a variety of machining applications. Our team has the knowledge and expertise to help you select the material with the right characteristics for the cost-effective production of your components. Contact us for more information about our material availability and capabilities or request a quote to discuss the details of your next project.

CNC Machining Guide: Types of CNC Machines, Materials, Benefits

Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machining is a high precision method for manufacturing customized parts derived from a variety of different materials and within very tight tolerances. There are many benefits that come from implementing a CNC machining production solution.

Horizontal, Vertical & CNC Turning

Understanding CNC Machining

CNC machining is considered a subtractive manufacturing technology, which means that the end product is formed by selectively removing excess material from the workpiece. Every end-to-end CNC machining operation follows a similar four-step production process.

These four production phases are:

  • Part Design

Parts produced via CNC machining generally start out as initial designs from Computer Aided Design (CAD) software. In the design phase, engineers give careful thought to all aspects of the desired final product, such as parameters for optimal performance, operating conditions for the end part, and acceptable tolerance variation levels.

  • Design Conversion

Upon completion of the initial design phase, the CAD model must be converted into a functional CNC program using Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) software. CAM software is able to extract the geometrical requirements from the CAD model’s origin file and translate them into a CNC-compatible programming language—such as G-code or M-code—which will dictate the mechanical operations of the machine.

  • CNC Machine Preparation

Next, the CNC machine operator must set up both the machine and the target material according to the specifications required by the CNC program. The operator will ensure that the correct cutting or drilling tools are properly installed and are matched with the appropriate bits or end mills. The operator must also set up the workpiece, typically either in a stationary clamp or attached directly to the CNC machine.

  • Executing Programmed Operations

Finally, the CNC machine operator executes the desired mechanical processes. During operation, the CNC program precisely controls the movements of the machine tooling.

cnc drills - drilling machine

Types of CNC Machines

The most common types of CNC machines are those that use cutting tools to remove excess material from the workpiece. While there are CNC machines that employ water jet cutting and electrical discharge machining (EDM) operations, this guide will focus on the five most common categories in the following list, divided into two basic classifications: 3-axis and multi-axis machines.

3-Axis CNC Machines

3-axis machines allow cutting tools to move along straight three-dimensional vectors (up and down, left and right, forward and backward). There are two types of 3-axis CNC machines:

  • CNC Milling Machines

In CNC milling operations, the workpiece remains stationary and a high-speed rotating cutting tool comes down onto the workpiece to remove excess material. This type of machine is very useful for forming basic geometric shapes.


A Guide to CNC Milling:


  • CNC Turning Machines (Lathes) 

In CNC turning operations, the cutting tool remains stationary while the workpiece rotates at a high speed on a spindle. CNC turning offers the ability to produce cylindrical parts quickly and with tight tolerances. For example, Technox Machine and Manufacturing has CNC lathes that can produce parts with dimensions of up to 152″ in diameter and 240″ in length, while still holding tight ± 0.001″ tolerances. The big disadvantage to 3-axis turning operations is that only cylindrical parts can be manufactured efficiently.

Click here to learn more about the Differences Between CNC Milling and Turning.

Multi-Axis CNC Machines

Multi-axis CNC machines are similar to 3-axis machines, but with a higher degree of freedom in mechanical movements. For instance, multi-axis machines can employ rotational and diagonal cutting operations. There are three main types of multi-axis CNC machines:

  • Indexed 5-axis CNC Milling Machines

Even though this type of milling machine can only cut along 3 linear axes during operation, in between operations the operator has the ability to rotate the bed and tool-head for the next cut, allowing for increased shaping capabilities.

  • Continuous 5-axis CNC Milling Machines

This machine type allows for continuous movement along the three linear axes and two rotational axes during operation. This gives the operator the ability to create highly complex forms from the target workpiece.

  • Mill-Turning CNC Centers

Mill-turning centers combine the functionalities of CNC lathes and CNC milling machines. The workpiece may be rotated at high speeds on a spindle or precisely positioned for milling operations.


Designing CNC Machined Parts – CAD Model Design

CAD model design CNC machined partA 2D vector or 3D solid part CAD design is the point of conception for a CNC machined-part. Besides design requirements directly related to the product’s end application, engineers must also be mindful of the capabilities and limitations of the CNC machine that will be utilized for the actual cutting operations.

The engineer must convert the CAD model’s origin file into a CNC-compatible format, such as the open-source STEP or IGES format, or a more restricted format like IPT or SAT. It is also considered a best practice for an engineer to create a technical drawing that will be sent along with the digital CAD instructions. These drawings are used to verify design tolerances and geometries; help the machinist to identify the part’s salient features; and serve as a tangible source of verification should questions arise.


Benefits of CNC Machining

CNC machining offers several competitive advantages, including:

  • Quick order lead times
  • High precision
  • Highly customizable
  • Creates products with exceptional physical properties and performance thresholds

Materials Used

Appropriate material selection is critical for CNC machining operations. This choice is largely dependent on the expected usage for the end product. You’ll need to examine a range of material properties to determine which is best for your design, such as:

  • Tensile strength
  • Hardness
  • Ease of operation
  • Chemical resistance
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Thermal properties

At Technox, we utilize a broad spectrum of materials for our machining operations, including:

  • Steel
  • Stainless Steel
  • Aluminum
  • Brass
  • Copper
  • Bronze
  • Nickel
  • Cast Iron
  • Inconel®
  • Hastelloy®
  • Plastics


CNC Machining Applications

CNC machined parts are employed in a vast array of applications across industries. At Technox, we serve a broad range of sectors, including:

  • Steel
  • Food and beverage
  • Plastics
  • Paper
  • Textile
  • Recycling
  • Oil and gas
  • Fluid power
  • Construction

Planner Milling & CNC Vertical Milling

CNC Machined Parts at Technox

At Technox Machine and Manufacturing, we offer versatile, customized solutions to our clients and we deliver only the highest quality work. Our machining capabilities include:

  • Boring
  • Milling
  • Drilling
  • Tapping
  • Threading
  • Counterboring
  • Countersinking
  • Knurling

If you’d like more information about the advantages of partnering with Technox, please reach out to us or request a quote.


What Are the Basics of CNC Milling and Turning?

What is CNC Milling?

From carving intricate shapes out of hard material to creating precision parts for various industries, CNC milling, a cornerstone of modern manufacturing, has revolutionized machining. Technox Machine & Mfg. Co. excels in CNC milling and turning, harnessing the power of state-of-the-art CNC milling and CNC turning machines.

We will explore the benefits, functioning, and versatility of materials used in CNC milling, shedding light on how this technology is integral to our commitment to delivering top-notch manufacturing solutions. Read on to find out everything you need to know about CNC milling.

How CNC Milling Works

CNC milling is a subtractive manufacturing process that uses computer numerical control (CNC) machines to remove material from a workpiece, creating the desired shape. The CNC machine receives instructions through a G-code, which tells it how and where to move the cutting tool.

Unlike CNC turning machines, CNC milling machines have a complex setup with multiple axes and rotating tools, enabling cutting operations from various angles. CNC turning is primarily used for cylindrical parts, while CNC milling can produce a broader range of shapes and sizes.

Different factors determine the suitability of milling machines for specific applications. The complexity of CNC milling operations relies on the design of the end part. If the part or product is essential and of high quality, the design may need to be more intricate.

Benefits of CNC Milling

CNC milling presents many benefits, contributing to its popularity in various industries. Here are some key advantages to consider:

  • Precision and Accuracy: CNC milling machines, particularly those from Technox Machine & Mfg. Co. consistently produces parts with high levels of precision and accuracy. This is crucial in industries such as aerospace and medicine, where precision is indispensable.
  • Versatility: CNC milling can handle various materials, including metals, plastics, and wood. This makes it a flexible solution for creating different types of products and components.
  • Efficiency: Thanks to the automation provided by CNC milling machines, we can drastically improve the production speed, reducing project lead time.
  • Reduced Labor Intensity: With CNC milling, the need for manual intervention is significantly diminished, resulting in fewer errors and less waste.
  • Repeatability: CNC milling machines can produce identical parts repeatedly, which is essential for large-scale production.
  • Complexity: CNC milling is ideal for producing complex shapes and designs that would be nearly impossible to achieve with manual machining.

Different Types of Materials That Can Be Used With CNC Milling

CNC milling isn’t limited to a single type of material. Its versatile nature allows for the machining of various materials that are utilized in different industries. Here are some commonly used materials in CNC milling:

  • Plastics: Different types of plastics, such as ABS, nylon, and polycarbonate, are used for their lightweight and resistance to corrosion.
  • Wood: Different varieties of wood, from soft to hardwoods, can also be milled using CNC machines.
  • Steel: Steel is famous for its strength, durability, and machinability. It is often used to produce automotive parts, industrial machinery, and tooling.
  • Titanium: Known for its high strength-to-weight ratio, titanium is commonly used in aerospace applications due to its lightweight and corrosion resistance.
  • Aluminum: Lightweight and easily machinable, aluminum is a popular choice for various consumer products, automotive parts, and aircraft components.

Experience Precision Excellence with Technox Machine & Manufacturing

CNC milling is a cornerstone in modern manufacturing, offering precision, versatility, and efficiency. Our commitment to delivering top-notch manufacturing solutions is exemplified through our CNC milling and turning expertise at Technox Machine & Mfg. Co.

For superior CNC milling services that cater to your specific needs, Technox Machine & Mfg. Co. is your trusted partner. Request a quote today and experience the excellence of our state-of-the-art CNC milling and turning capabilities. Precision, efficiency, and reliability—discover the difference with Technox.

Guide to CNC Milling Services

Milling is the process of machining irregular, curved, or flat surfaces by feeding the material through a rotating cutter with several cutting edges. CNC mills are ideal for cutting complex shapes, forming difficult-to-cut materials with high levels of precision, and come in many axis configurations and sizes. In addition, CNC milling machines can turn around parts in as little as a day, manage a wide range of production run sizes, and achieve precision tolerances.

Planner Milling & CNC Vertical Milling

Types of CNC Mills

CNC mills come in 3-axis, 4-axis, and 5-axis configurations:

3-Axis Mills

Three-axis mills cannot manage the same level of efficiency or detail as 4-axis or 5-axis machines, but in many cases, they can produce the same products. While not as profitable or high-quality as 4-axis or 5-axis mills, these machines are suitable for:

    • Automatic or interactive operation
    • Cutting sharp edges
    • Drilling holes
    • Milling slots

4-Axis Mills

These mills can operate on materials ranging from aluminum alloys and composite board to foam, PCB, and wood. The 4-axis mill is a multi-functional CNC tool which features slightly improved functionality over 3-axis mills. It is often used in such applications as:

  • Advertising design
  • Creating art
  • Hobby prototype building
  • Industry
  • Medical equipment creation
  • Teaching
  • Technology research

5-Axis Mills

5-axis mills possesses the most advanced capabilities available for CNC mills. It operates far faster than 4-axis and 3-axis CNC machines and produces vertical milling at the highest quality and precision. These mills are ideal for producing:

  • Aerospace products
  • Architectural door frames
  • Artificial bones
  • Car molds
  • Medical technology
  • Military grade products
  • Oil and gas machine parts
  • Titanium creations for both artistic and practical functions

Advantages of CNC Milling

CNC milling offers a range of benefits, including:

  • Reduced Costs

Every business looks for ways to cut costs without sacrificing quality. With CNC mills, businesses can improve the bottom line by providing significant cost savings. As CNC mills work faster and more accurately, they enable the efficient production of complex and specialized products.

Reduced labor hours also save money on expenses such as:

– Unemployment insurance

– Wages/salaries

– Benefits such as health, dental, vision, and life insurance

  • Safety

Safety is greatly enhanced when using CNC machinery. With no bending or crouching required to operate the machines, ergonomic conditions are greatly improved for workers. This leads to fewer workplace accidents and less fatigue, largely mitigating the risk of human error in the milling process.

  • Efficiency

CNC milling machines perform non-stop with minimal necessary downtime. Facilities that run three shifts can continue production 24/7 without issue.

  • Versatility

Versatility is one of the most significant benefits of CNC milling. CNC milling allows manufacturers to trim and shape a variety of materials without sacrificing quality or efficiency.


CNC mills are ideal for a wide variety of production run of all sizes for complex, high-quality products. CNC machines will also save a significant amount of time and money thanks to their operational efficiency and reduced labor costs.

Since 1976, Technox has offered the highest quality machining with exceptional customer service and fast turnaround times. For more information on our CNC milling services, please request a quote or contact us today.

What Are the Challenges of Large Part Machining?

large part machiningThe machining of large parts presents several challenges when compared to the fabrication of smaller, lighter components. Namely, oversized parts oftentimes must be moved quickly between tools or locations. Machining parts that are too heavy, large, or bulky to be easily moved by a single human being requires specialized equipment. Large parts may also be too large to readily fit into the work zones of most common CNC machine tools.

How Large Part Machining is Different

Large part machining may require extra steps or possess additional factors that need to be taken into account, magnified, or multiplied in order to get the job done effectively. Some of these include:


Factors that typically influence machining accuracy in a negative way are magnified when parts are larger. This means that careful consideration needs to be placed on monitoring and countering these factors. Temperature is one of the more notable and significant examples of this. The process for machining massive parts generates larger amounts of heat, so users must compensate for this heat to maintain integrity of the final part.


Material stress is yet another factor that’s frequently overlooked when smaller parts are being fabricated. Workpieces of a conventional size often leave some room for error here, but large parts do not. Stress-related distortions must be located and fixed promptly in order to keep them from negatively impacting finishing accuracy.


In the case of large five-axis machine spindles, the range of rotary-axis travel is essential. Machining large parts quickly means that the tooling range must account for the size of the design to ensure that time is not lost per part. Spindles that can reach all holes on a part at once make for faster work.


As these parts have a larger surface area, additional quality checks may be required to ensure that parts are being fabricated with reliable repeatability. Performing semi-finish passes and setting aside the time to measure between them before taking one or more finishing passes can be key to achieving strict tolerances.

Challenges Facing the Large Part Machining Industry

Large part machining offers a range of unique challenges. When implementing new processes, keep the following three obstacles in mind:

1. Implementing Large Manufacturing is a Tough Process

Implementing large part machining capabilities can be a stressful process. Investments in equipment capable of machining larger parts involves a certain amount of risk. Staff will require additional training on the new equipment to successfully fabricate oversized parts, which may cause some internal frustration or pushback from the workforce.

2. Buying in at the Shop-Floor Level

The individuals who will be doing the legwork behind large manufacturing need to be invested in the process. Any shop relies on the experience and abilities of its workforce to drive success. Without support at the ground level, new large part initiatives will suffer.

3. Don’t End Experiments Prematurely

It takes more time than many professionals may expect to fine-tune a large part manufacturing process and get it right. Stumbling along the way and needing to adjust your process is normal, but not everybody has an easy time coming to terms with this. It’s easy to think your process is broken or ineffective when it’s in its infancy, and this is how many larger projects fail.

For more information about our large part machining capabilities, or if you’re interested in what large part machining could mean for your organization, please contact us.